I. Choose the right answer by crossing a, b, c, r or e.
Bridge breaks in
A footbridge packed with tourists broke at a mountainous resort on
1. The text tells us about ….
a. the evacuation of the victims.
b. the tourist resort in
c. the killing of five visitors in Baturaden.
d. the accident on the broken bridge in Baturaden.
e. the popular tourist resort in
2. Some local tourist were killed and injured in Baturaden when ….
a. they were swimming in the river.
b. they were enjoying the landscape on the small bridge.
c. they were in the riverbed.
d. they were climbing
e. they were swinging on the small bridge over the
3. The footbridge in Baturaden broke because ….
a. it couldn’t afford supporting overload.
b. it had been too old to walk on.
c. it had not been used for long time.
d. it lied on the slope of
e. it was used to evacuate the victims.
4. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE according to the text?
a. The broken footbridge killed five visitors.
b. The accident happened at the end of Ramadhan.
c. The victims were left behind without relief.
d. The visitors were killed because of falling into a rocky riverbed.
e. The bridge broke because of one of the broken steel cables.
5. …. killing five people and injuring 29 after they plunged into a rocky riverbed,
What is the similar meaning of the words “plunged into”?
a. fell back d. fell on
b. fell away e. fell down
c. fell off
Lapindo Brantas Inc. is dumping contaminated water from the Sidoarjo mudflow disaster directly into the
The company has denied it has dumped untreated water into the river.
Witnesses claimed they had seen water from retaining ponds being channeled directly into the river.
The two pipes were connected to the river from one of the ponds near Pejarakan Jabon village. Three pumps have also been installed to distribute water from the pond to the river.
A TV journalist, Medi, said the pipes were set up in Thursday by soldiers from the Kepanjen battalion in
State Minister of Environment Rachmat Witoelar earlier said the water must not be dumped into seas or rivers without being treated.
The ministry earlier said the mud was non-toxic and safe, despite a study published in a government magazine that said the mud contained a number of dangerous chemicals.
6. What type of text is used by the writer?
a. report d. news item
b. recount e. description
7. The communicative purpose of this text is….
a. To describe a particular accident
b. To share an amusing incident
c. To entertain the reader
d. To inform the reader about the case
e. To retell for the purpose of informing and entertaining.
8. What did the company conceal from the local people?
a. the mudflow dumping into the
b. the water distribution into the pond.
c. the mud pumping into the gas installation.
d. the contaminated water channeling into the sea.
e. the treated water flow into the river.
9. It has dumped untreated water into the river. ( Paragraph 2)
What does It in the above text refer to….
a. Lapindo Brantas Inc. d. Mud
b. The manager e. Witnesses
10. …. despite a study published in a government magazine that said the mud contained a number of dangerous chemicals.
a. distributed d. broadcasted
b. circulated e. issued
11. What is the text about?
a. a letter of complaint
b. a full time occupation
c. a story of overseas college
d. as job vacancy advertisement
e. a hard working and professional workers
12. “An overseas college requires highly motivated hard working.” The underlined word means ….
a. needs d. trains
b. offers e. educates
13. Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the text?
a. We can send our application letter on 27 august 2007
b. The applicants can apply for all the occupation without experiences
c. All the occupations need experiences at least twelve months
d. to apply for head of marketing should be able to speak English
e. the applicants with 2 years experience cannot apply for the job
RADIO, PAY-TV TO RESUME 24-HOUR BROADCASTS
The government has revised a controversial decree cutting back the airtime for broadcasters to allow radio and pay-TV stations to resume broadcasting 24 hours a day.
The Ministry of Information and Communications issued Decree No. 11/2005 last month obliging all broadcast stations to go off the air from 1 a.m. to 5 a.m., in a bid to save energy amid soaring oil prices that have greatly inflated the government fuel subsidy.
The decree has drawn strong criticism from a number of different parties, with critics calling the decree government intervention in the public’s freedom and right to information.
The new decree, No. 12/ 2005, stipulates that local TV stations will be allowed to stay on the air 24 hours a day in the event of emergency situation, such as natural disasters.
In addition, the new decree also allows local TV stations to air live broadcasts from 1 a.m. to 5 a.m. if the stations signed a contract with a third party before the decree was issued.
The new decree will be effective for five months and is subject to revision based on further developments in the county’s energy crisis.
The Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI) said that the decree violated the independence of the media.
14. The above text is written in ….
a. narrative d. discussion
b. news item e. exposition
15. What does the text tell us about?
a. The revision of airtime decree
b. The criticism on the airtime cut of broadcast
c. The duration of the broadcasting hours
d. The controversial decree of broadcasting airtime
e. The radio and pay-TV stations airtime
16. Why did the decree violate the independence of the media? Because ….
a. the decree has drawn strong criticism from a number of different parties
b. the government has interfered with the public’s freedom and right to information
c. the decree has made the oil price soar greatly
d. the government has issued decree to save energy
e. some radio and pay-TV stations have signed contract with a third party
16. The new decree, No. 12/ 2005, stipulates that local TV stations will be allowed to stay on the air 24 hours a day.
What is the meaning of the underlined word?
a. specifies d. requires
b. demands e. insists on
AUSTRALIAN JOB ADS FALL
The number of jobs advertised in metropolitan newspapers alone dropped 1.9 percent in June to their lowest level since May 2003 and were down 6.1 percent from a year earlier.
Internet ads also declined in June, falling 2.5 percent from May but were still up 30.6 percent year-on-year.
The recent slowing in growth in job advertisements was consistent with cooling domestic economic activity, particularly in housing and retail spending, said ANZ senior economist Tony Pearson. “It suggests the exceptionally strong performance of the labour market over the past half year or so is coming to an end,” Pearson said.
17. What is the type of the above text?
a. exposition d. description
b. discussion e. news item
18. What is the purpose of the text?
a. to describe the Australian job ads specifically
b. to explain how the Australian job ads decrease
c. to present at least two points of view about the Australian job ads
d. to inform the readers about the Australian job ads decline
e. to persuade the readers to learn the Australian job ads fall
19. The decrease of Australian job ads is caused by …
a. the figures of job growth
b. the labour market activity
c. the metropolitan newspaper circulation
d. the dull housing and retail business
e. the internet and newspaper role
20. Which is NOT TRUE according to the text?
a. Australian economy slowed gradually.
b. The fall of job ads was influenced by labour market.
c. Annual Australian job ads were down.
d. Australians advertised job vacancy in newspapers and internet.
e. The lowest decline of job ads happened in May.
21. …. figures showed on Monday in another sign the economy continues to slow.
The underlined words have synonymous meaning with ….
a. symptom d. notice
b. trace e. indicator
National health authorities meeting at the UN’s World Health Assembly approved moves to tightly control research, including a ban on scientists building the virus from scratch using rapidly developing lab technology.
“This sets out the principles by which research will be allowed,” said Ian Simpson, spokesman for the UN World Health Organization (WHO), host to the annual policymaking summit.
Smallpox was declared officially eradicated in 1980 and all known samples either destroyed or sent to WHO-controlled centres in
The new rules explicitly ban laboratories from making smallpox from scratch for fear it could fall into terrorist hands. Scientists will, however, be permitted to create small segments of the virus for research.
22. What is the type of the text?
a. recount d. description
b. news item e. report
23. The scientists were frightened with smallpox virus spread because …
a. it has been officially eradicated in 1980
b. WHO authorities have set out new guidelines
c. the new rules ban lab oratories from making smallpox vaccine
d. it could leak from laboratories or fall into the terrorist hands
e. WHO has controlled the research on smallpox vaccine
24. How did the health officials do to control the research on smallpox virus?
a. They sent them to WHO-controlled centres.
b. They held the meeting at the UN’s Health Assembly.
c. They set out new guidelines governing smallpox research.
d. They banned laboratories from making smallpox.
e. They permitted scientists to create small segments of the virus for research
HUMAN STEM CELLS BECOME NERVE CELLS
The study supports claims by stem cell researchers that they can train embryonic stem cells to develop on demand into any type of tissue in the body
They hope this technology will eventually transform medicine and allow cures for a range of diseases – in this case, nervous system injuries and diseases such as Lou Gehrig’s disease.
Su-Chun Zhang and colleagues said their trial and error study helped them learn how motor neuron cells, which are key to the nervous system, develop in the first place.
Writing in the journal Nature Biotechnology, Zhang and colleagues said they delivered a carefully timed cocktail of proteins to their cells to direct their development.
25. The text tells us about ….
a. the journal Nature Biotechnology
b. the nervous system damage
c. the research on the human embryos
d. the trial and error study on motor neuron cells
e. the experiment on nervous system injury medicine
26. The generic structure of the text above is ….
a. goal, materials, steps
b. newsworthy event, background event, the sources
c. general statement, explanation
d. orientation, event, re-orientation
e. thesis, arguments, recommendation
27. What did Zhang and his colleagues actually want to develop?
a. stem cells
b. medicine for damaged nervous system
c. tissue in the body
d. motor neuron cell for nervous system
e. cocktail of proteins
28. Stem cells taken from human embryos were coaxed into becoming motor neurons….
What does the underlined word mean?
a. manipulated d. persuaded
b. forced e. consumed
Around 200 families along the river banks received a final notice from the municipality on Saturday, warning them to vacate the area within 72 hours. The final notice was signed and … (29) on October, 11. Itr’s said that the eviction is a part of the administration’s … (30) to preserve
29. a. dated d. asked
b. stated e. written
30. a. trials d. strength
b. errors e. powers
31. a. lands d. soils
b. places e. locations
32. When I entered the room, everybody stared at me. Perhaps they thought I was a stranger.
We can say:
a. Everybody stares at me as if I were a stranger
b. Everybody stares at me as if I was a stranger
c. Everybody stared at me as if I had been a stranger
d. I entered the room as if I were a stranger
e. I entered the room as if I had been a stranger
33. John prefers listening to the radio to reading newspaper.
This sentence means that …
a. Johns always read newspaper.
b. John seldom listens to the radio.
c. John likes listening to the radio very much.
d. John likes reading newspaper very much.
e. Listening to the radio and reading newspaper are John’s hobbies.
34. Andi was such a very lazy student that he got low marks.
His parents were very angry with him and said,” …”
a. If you had studied well, you didn’t get such low marks.
b. If you studied well, you wouldn’t get such low marks.
c. If you had studies well, you would have got such low marks.
d. If you had studied well, you wouldn’t have got such low marks.
e. If you have studied well, you wouldn’t have got such low marks.
35. Ann : Have you finished reading the book?
Bill : No, I haven’t finished the last chapter.
Ann : I must return it to the library tomorrow.
Bill : Don’t worry! I … it by 6.30 tomorrow.
a. have returned
b. am returning
c. will be returning
d. will have returned
e. would have returned
36. Mother : How was the party last night, Ray?
Ray : Wonderful, mom. The hall … beautifully.
a. is decorated d. was decorating
b. was decorated e. is being decorated
c. is decorating
37. Dina : I’ve got a terrible toothache.
Rina : Why don’t you see the dentist?
From this expression, we know that Rina …
a. asks questions d. gives order
b. gives advice e. feels sorry
c. feels irritated
38. Father : I have a plan to visit Uncle Bob next Sunday. I think its’ a good idea.
Mother : I think so. What about you, Rudi?
Rudi : … I can meet many relatives there.
a. I’m sorry d. I am afraid not
b. I don’t know e. I’m glad to see you
c. I’d love to
39. Yunita : Would you like to accompany me to attend my neighbor’s party tonight ?
Betty : …. I have no other plan.
Yunita : Thanks a lot. See you later. I’ll fetch you at 7. p.m.
a. That’s a good idea
b. Thanks for inviting me but
c. I’m very glad to see you
d. I don’t think I can
e. I’d like to very much, but
40. Mirna : ... the global information to the people?
Indah : As far as I am concerned it can influence the people’s way of thinking.
a. What would you like to think about
b. What do you think of
c. Don’t you think about
d. How about thinking
e. Did you understand
41. Ida : Did Susi come to the meeting?
Dewi : Of course, she did.
In the dialogue, Ida asked Dewi …
a. if Susi came to the meeting
b. if Dewi comes to the meeting
c. if she has come to the meeting
d. whether Susi had come to the meeting
e. whether Dewi had come to the meeting
42. Amir : Your car is very dirty. Why don’t you have it …
Joni : I don’t have a servant and enough time to do it.
a. wash d. washed
b. to wash e. washing
43. Teacher : Which boy is your brother?
Andi : The boy … shirt is green is my brother.
a. who d. whom
b. whose e. where
44. Ridwan : What makes so many small industries … producing their products?
Ilham : Well, there are many factors that affect their industry, for example, the inconsistency of the government on the regulation they issued.
a. stop d. stopping
b. stops e. being stopped
45. The right order of the following sentences is ….
1. Like many major cities, however, there are very different sides to
2. Millions of people visit
3. One of the sides is culturally, socially and financially rich and the other side is very much darker.
4. As Dickens described how Oliver Twist battled against the
a. 5-2-4-3-1 d. 5-2-3-1-4
b. 5-2-1-4-3 e. 5-2-1-3-4
46. Read the text and answer the questions that follow!
SMOKING AND DRIVING DON’T MIX
Fiddling with cigarettes and lighters can distract a driver, increasing the chances of an accident. By the same token, cigarette smoke with its carbon monoxide fumes can slow down drivers’ reflexes.
The Austrian motorists federation OAMTC said that in
a. What is the Genre of the text above?
b. What is the social function of the text?
c. What are the rhetorical steps of the text?
d. Paragraph two and three are ….
e. Why smoking is dangerous while we are driving a vehicle?
47. Read the advertisement and answer the questions that follow!
Vacancy A fast progressing foreign company is looking for a male or female typist for its branch office in Applicants should fulfill the following requirements: 1. Good command of English 2. Minimum typing speed : 50 words/minute 3. Education : Diploma 4. Age : between 22 – 27 Letter with complete resumes and references should be sent to no 1135 DDM.
A fast progressing foreign company is looking for a male or female typist for its branch office in
Applicants should fulfill the following requirements:
1. Good command of English
2. Minimum typing speed : 50 words/minute
3. Education : Diploma
4. Age : between 22 – 27
Letter with complete resumes and references should be sent to no 1135 DDM.
a. Who has a better opportunity to get that position?
b. What kind of job is offered in this advertisement?
c. What are the requirements for the position?
d. What should the applicants insert in their application letters?
48. Change the following sentences into conditional sentences.
a. They speak Indonesian to her, not English, so her English doesn’t improve.
b. I didn’t recognize him at first be cause he was wearing dark glasses.
c. The fire happens because the children knock the paraffin heater.
d. I didn’t work hard at school so I didn’t get a good job when I left.
49. Use causative have, make or let to change the following sentences!
a. My father permitted him to drive his car because he is old enough and has had a driving license.
b. The advertisements will usually persuade the people to buy the products.
c. Do you often asks your brother to help you to do your homework?
d. Dendy usually orders someone to repaint his room every year.
50. Change the following sentences into reported speech.
a. “I must hurry. My father is always furious if any of us are late for meal,” she said
b. Father said to his daughter, “Have you been ready to get married with your chosen boy?”
c. “What did you miss most when you were in prison?” Mary asked the ex-convict
d. My mother always warns me,” Please, don’t forget to brush your teeth before you go to bed?”